Dachshund Pattern Genetics
smooth chocolate and tan dapple from Hollie's second litter
Dapple is also known as merle in some other breeds. The dappling pattern cannot be carried. One parent must be dappled in order to produce dappled pups. Dappling can be hidden in ESPS reds/creams. Dappling can also be hidden in most reds and English creams. In reds and English cream the dappling is visible in the shading at birth, but then fades out when the pup gets older and may disappear completely. This dogs are still dappled, and it is crucial to register them as dappled to prevent accidental double dapple breedings in the future. Some dapples have whole or partially blue eyes. Blue eyes only occur in dapples. This is caused by the dappling gene hitting the eye. A dapple with a large amount of dappling on it may sometimes be called a "reverse dapple". A blue dapple will have absoutely no black on it whatsoever.
smooth black and tan double dapple
Double dapple is the result of a dachshund inheriting two dapple genes from a dapple to dapple breeding. This is looked down upon because all the health risks usually associated with this pattern. Double dapples are at risk for partial or wholly hearing loss and/or blindness. Double dapples can be born missing some or all parts of their eye, and they can also have internal organ deformities. They are recognized by large amount of white areas (where the dapple gene has hit twice) over a dappled body. This is sometimes confused with dapple piebald. Knowledge of the parents is needed to distinguish between the two. Double dapples can be registered, and there have been many double dapple champions in the show ring. Some can be born with absolutely nothing wrong with them, but the risk greatly outweighs the beauty of them.
Long-hair red brindle owned by Karen Graves
One parent must be brindle in order to produce brindle pups. Brindling can be hidden in ESPS reds/creams. There is no health risk for breeding brindle to brindle like there is for breeding dapple to dapple. Brindle is recognized by striping in the red/cream coat or points.
Taffy, our chocolate and tan extreme piebald with heavy ticking
Two parents must either be or carry for piebald in order to produce it. Two piebalds bred together will produce an all piebald litter. Some piebalds when bred with a nonpiebald carrier will still produce pups with a good bit of white on them although they should not be registered as piebalds as they are only technically piebald carriers. Most piebalds will have the minimum amount of white on them that includes white feet, chest, belly, tip of tail, and a spot on the top of the head. Tuxedo piebalds have the minimum amount of white on them, and look like they are wearing tuxedos so to speak. Regular piebalds should have at least 50% of their body covered with white. Extreme piebalds will have the majority of their body covered with white. Piebalds can be plated (plain white), have ticking, or roaning.
smooth black and tan dapple tuxedo piebald
Dapple piebalds are sometimes confused with double dapples. The only way to tell for sure is to look at both of the dogs parents. A piebald is usually symmetrical in the white parts, and have smooth edges while the white in double dapples is random and rough looking around the edges.
Brindle piebalds are the result of a dachshund inheriting the brindle and piebald pattern.
Smooth red brindle dapple with tuxedo piebald from Star's Dachshunds
Brindle Dapples are the result of a dachshund inheriting the brindle and dapple gene. Sometimes people will use a slang term of"brapples" to describe them.
Dapple Piebald Brindle
Hollie, our smooth black and tan dapple tuxedo piebald brindle
Dapple piebald brindles are the result of a dachshund inheriting all three patterns. Sometimes the brindling can be hard to see.